It does not constitute a warranty rid society of poverty. Meanwhile, one of the reasons why some people are trapped in poverty, are outrageous myths about simple work, identified with activities for niedorajdów life. Do you expect that people claiming to be zero will – like Peterson – treat them as an opportunity to gain experience and a springboard to other, more complex and better-paid professional? And how! Such people will ever pay the dues, never become assertive, and their employers will benefit from this, excessively lowering the levels of their salaries. A study published in 2010. In the prestigious American journal “Journal of Organizational Behavior,” suggests that the increases get those who ask for them, and do not treat the word “no” as the definitive answer.
The works do not require qualification are important for most people a transitional form or spore. It is indeed the only reasonable attitude towards low-paid work (not all simple jobs are low-paid). Polish emigrants did not leave to England, death to wash the dishes. Mop works until you find something better, or as a financing tool for the study period. And in Poland, students perform simple activities. The report “Student work in 2017” published by the company Jobsquare that apply to almost 60 percent. studying. It is not hard to guess where students who earn money – often, for example.
Gastronomy. Barista in Warsaw’s power cable to a month earns approx. 2 thousand. zł on hand. It is not much, but enough to rent the room and current needs. Approx. 500 zł more can count storekeepers Amazon. It is also a job that requires no formal qualifications.
As it turns out, this kind of activities are like a gift from heaven … for immigrants. And it often specialists! Speaking of doctors from Ukraine. They can not start with a march in Poland medical practice because of the need and diplomas recognized language exam before the Supreme Chamber of Physicians. During the transitional period so they work as cleaners, warehouse or construction workers. With pride in kieszeni.zobacz also the defense of Marx is as thought itself – full of holes [polemics] »The article of unskilled workers, accounting for the rescue of GDP, it is impossible not to mention the neighbors of Ukraine. The Polish landscape are the equivalent of what the Poles were in the landscape of the British Isles.
Ba, are certainly more important – in an era of shrinking native population of working age are the only nation that wants us to emigrate en masse. The British, as they offer better pay (the social and generous), have more choice. They set them to the queue. To us. Research shows that Poles emigrating to the UK have a positive impact on the local economy, assuming the company, paying taxes, but also complementing resources unskilled labor. The same can be said of approx. 1.5-3 million Ukrainians living in Poland.
Company Personnel Service reports that earn the most from 1.5 to 3.5 thousand. zł net, working six days a week while picking fruit, in restaurants or tourist resorts. The Polish brigade deweloperce replace workers who emigrated to the West, and in our homes to help take care of children and maintain order. Ukrainians also willing to drive Uber, because it does not require them to embrace the paperwork. Speaking of Uberze, it is worth noting how new technologies are changing the economic importance of simple activities. Once the markets were less efficient in matching employers with pracobiorcami, today, and they both have almost instant access to each other.
Uber next type solutions quickly grow further interentową portals and mobile applications enable people to march invent both offering and seeking in the area of services. It’s about things such as: output dog for a walk, wash the car, mow the lawn or go shopping. As a result, in the twenty-first century. Increasingly difficult to complain about the lack of work. You can grumble at most of its character and wages.
Sure – they are not stable and highly paid activities. Keith Mays, an expert with the educational foundation Kauffman Foundation, notes that in the economy of the future will be difficult to talk about, that is to work, it will be rather had irregularly. – The US government estimates that currently applies to irregular already earning 30 percent. American labor force, and 2020. it will be up to 50 percent. – Mays writes in one of his articles. A similar trend can be seen, and with us, but not on this scale. With CBOS research shows that only 4 percent.
Poles work only casual. The report’s Payback However, we can read that in this way a moonlights as much as 35 percent. etatowców (almost 20 per cent. of all employees). According to Maysa irregular work they threaten the balance of mental workers, forcing them to constantly waiting for the order. In his opinion, in the long run so it is difficult to function. Work on strawberries? Or is it that a casual classes is now easier than ever, but should enjoy?
If not for new technologies, work that could be someone outsource, remain in hiding. Occasional employer would have to rely on each other, and potential employee tkwiliby in the belief that they have nowhere to earn. To wasted resources. The inventors washes the dishes, rather than to deal with inventiveness and the potential cleaners would dole queue. Usually, however, when new technologies in the context of talking about unskilled labor, beating the alarm – “robots are coming!” They have in the near future to replace people.
In many industries, this is already happening, but let’s not get crazy – not everywhere and not always the case for simple work. The machines do not replace human too well where it counts “knowledge about how” – that is practical knowledge. It is usually acquired only through experience. It is difficult to pass it in the form of instructions, in addition, still superior to the binary code. What is the difference between harvesting wheat and strawberries? This first job does not require any special delicacy and perceptiveness, and the second already did. This is because the machine kombajnopodobne arose in the first century AD (Gaul in the time of Emperor Titus Flavius), a robot that would wyręczał man in the collection of sweet fruit, not invented until today (and yet is a global business, worth approx.
17 billion .). The American company Harvest CROO Robotics is working on such equipment, but as it goes after december: prototypes collect only approx. 50 percent. strawberries from the field (60-90 percent of people.). Why? Because they do not grow on bushes according to a mathematical formula, but hide under the leaves, and in addition does not look the same. People easily “track down”, made with great difficulty. You have to develop advanced techniques for mapping the three-dimensional and very sensitive mechanisms “touch” to tear the machine is not damaged fruit.
Many experts doubt the fact that the robots in general will prove themselves in this field. Even if you will eventually be properly constructed, will not be cheap. And replacing human machine must be used to pay off. The fact that in supermarkets (yet) work the cashier and checkouts are still the margin, clearly demonstrates that it is not always kalkuluje.zobacz also Stodolak: Economists antyszczepionkowcy [OPINION] “Wherever the key role played by subjective human judgment, have a problem with the machine replacing man – is not just about picking fruit, but also the segregation of garbage, gardening, protection of property or direct sales. Human judgment is also the core, around which new technologies will create a demand for entirely new kinds of simple competition. Facebook announced last year 3 thousand jobs. people who have a search service in search of hate speech.
In theory, algorithms could do it, but sometimes hate speech recognized by the subtle details arising out of context – which is sometimes incomprehensible for the computer. Such “riserczerskie ‘work may be entrusted to people without engineering degrees. An interesting, very eloquent, is the new pretty well paid job is now being coached … computer games. Here you do not have a certificate, but many hours of strenuous training spine front of the monitor. The same will be with the operators of unmanned trucks.
Short training and go – leading from the house. Simple lessons of the past will not go as fast as you might think, based on projections neoluddystów, scaring people who are making pretty good money. Moreover, even if robotics will go so far that it will be possible and profitable for any work on the land and in industry, the services not happen ever again. Certain gestures – attention, care, closeness – can offer only the second man to man. You can not teach them in college. And it is this need is growing army of elderly.
In Poland, approx. 9 million people have already completed 60 years of age by 2035. This will grow to 11 million. This is approx. 3 million people will constitute over 80 years of age. To some extent, each of them will need care.
Many Poles without formal qualifications who have emigrated abroad, it is precisely the types of services provide quite stable and well paid livelihoods. Nicolas Colin argues that the “proximity services” (proximity services) should be in the public awareness and promote dowartościowywać. – I’m not saying that the workers should not have a chance to look at it to be such. Developers. However, developers are entrepreneurial era what cars were factory workers for the era of Fordist mass production: they are highly qualified and represent what in general terms is the essence of good work, but will always remain a small fraction of the labor force – the commentator notes. In short, meaningful work does not have to be complicated bureaucratic or scientific significance, to give satisfaction. Keith Mays, an expert with the educational foundation Kauffman Foundation, notes that in the economy of the future will be difficult to talk about, that is to work, it will be rather irregularly had minimum przeginka not be surprised if this simple apology classes surprise someone. Every day we are bombarded with information about the “deficit of specialists.” It’s a real problem.
Unemployment is at our low, fluctuating around 6 per cent. GDP growth gallops at a rate of approx. 4 percent. (It’s great!), But that welfare is not over, Polish companies need to develop. Without specialists difficult. It is estimated that there are currently approx. 500 thousand. such people – from welders and drivers after doctors and engineers. The government is working on an indicator of shortage occupations, which would clarify who was missing the most.
Guilty? Bench accused is long, but the following trinity can expect the harshest judgments: emigration (Polish welders working in Norway), lack of vocational and technical education (the number of such schools since 2000. Halved) and a crippled infrastructure job (employment offices do not work efficiently). Politicians worried. – While implementing a new model of education industry, it is not too popular. This is a serious problem – regrets in an interview with Elizabeth Newserią Rafalska, minister of labor, family and social policy. Premier Mateusz Morawiecki provides, however, that the Poles do not want to be “cheap labor” but “want to go up the value-added ladder” because “we have great men of genius” (expression of Spala and Hanover from 2017.). When growing emphasis on professional specialization, performing simple work begins to be seen as an economic ballast, sub-optimal or misguided use of human capital in sectors that will soon be automated.
This attitude dominates the narrative concerning immigrants. For example, the portal PlusHR.pl says that “in Poland, a growing number of workers from India. Unfortunately (emphasis – aut.), The most skilled of the worst. ” It is assumed that it is best http://www.homeworkmarket.me/ to Vistula arrived workers from resource “high human capital”, for example. The Poles, who had left the country. – Today, the homeland calls for a return, as is expanding and needs of people who are experienced, they gained skills, education, employment, competition in the world – called last year Witold Waszczykowski, then still head of the Ministry of Zagranicznych.zobacz also Stodolak: Send Nicholas on his economics course »depreciating the value of non-specialists is not only a Polish phenomenon. It is noticeable throughout the European Union. – The migration policy is based on a hidden assumption that low-skilled workers are already useless and szkodziliby EU economy in times of crisis and high unemployment – notes in one of the articles, Dr. Kathryn Lum, an expert of the Italian Center for Migration Policy.
However, since the Polish economy has no problem with the deficit unspecialised labor, what is it? Well, this may soon change. Ukrainians can soon recognize that they will be better for the Oder – German MPs are already preparing a bill opening for them that wider labor market. Three times higher wages tempting, is not it? Allowing a broad stream of Ukrainians to the Polish was one of the few bright spots of economic policy of the current government.
Now you need to think about how to stop them. Certainly the wrong way will be to offer them socjalu better – as suggested in the report, “We need immigrants” experts Civil Development Forum (FOR) – to reduce administrative barriers, creating a “clear path naturalization” or changing “nature of the work permits with work permits for specific employer to work in Poland at all. ” But immigrants may not be enough, if you believe that counts only the specialization, completely discourage the simple work of the Poles themselves. An analogous situation exists in Canada – rustic educated society ima no longer works such as. Carrying trucks, even though the average wage in this industry is about 30-40 dollars higher. per hour than the national average. Magazine 30.11.18 DGP Source: Dziennik Gazeta Prawna Simple lessons of the past will not go as fast as you might think, based on projections neoluddystów, scaring people who are making pretty good money is another reason, which strengthens and Poland will strengthen threat labor deficit.
Minimum wage. She entered the government in raising the blood, but only apparently being improves workers without qualifications. Those who already have a job, earn more, it’s true. However, those who seek … flee to other countries. This is the result of a study published in 2015.
Joan Monrasa by the Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Evaluation of Public Policies. – Low-skilled workers, who are by definition aim of this policy, they tend to move out of the region to raise the minimum wage or to emigrate to avoid them – Monras writes in a summary of results. Aspiration new technologies do not forget that the houses in which we use our high-speed PCs, keeps building up and cleaned by human hands. Instead of despising people without a doctorate or your own business, dostrzeżmy the positive role of simple work in the economic ecosystem.